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Wednesday, May 29, 2019

Confusion in Punjabi Words During Typing [Punjabi Shorthand]

Confusion in Punjabi Words During Typing Punjabi Shorthand, aaj mai apko Punjabi words ki confusion door karunga jo mostly stenographers ko type karte waqt aati hai.




kuch din pehle hi iske baare mai mujhe kisi student ne e-mail ki thi ki sir aap iske upar bhi kuch apne suggestion de.


Punjabi shorthand sabhi leekh toh lete hai jab turn type karne ki aati hai toh mostly 80 % students ki spelling mistake hoti hai, jiske karan student fail hote hai.


Student Question


Jab aap sari shorthand bilkul theek leekh lete hai aur jab type kiye huye spelling galat ho jate hai toh baad mai bahut dukh hota hai ki spelling ki wajah se hum fail ho gaye ya merit mai nahi aa paye.

Mai nahi chahta ki aap spelling mistake kare, isiliye aaj mai apko punjabi words ki confusion door karunga taki aap type karte waqt bilkul sahi likhe.



Punjabi Words



1. Inner Bindi Words ਸ਼ 





Agar type karte hue test mai ਸ਼  se related koi word aata hai jaise ਸ਼ਲਗਮ, ਸ਼ਗਨ toh humne beech mai  bindi lagti hai toh woh lagani hai tabhi word ki proper sense bnegi, agar hum beech mai bindi nahi lagate toh apki 1 mistake count hogi.


Bindi nahi lagaoge toh yeh word aise lagenge example.. ਸਲਗਮ, ਸਗਨ.


2. Inner Bindi Words 




 ਜ਼ se related jab koi word aa jaye jaise ਜ਼ਖੀਰਾ, ਜ਼ਹਿਰੀਲਾ , agar aap type karte waqt inme bindi nahi lagata toh apki one mistake count hogi. 

mai pair mai bindi lagane ka main point yeh hota hai ki sound halki c force de rahi hai

Bahut se student kehte hai ki iski one and half mistake count ki jati hai par aisa kuch nahi hai, iski poori 1 mistake count hoti hai isiliye aap carefully type kare.


3. ਪੈਰ ਵਿਚ (ਹ) ਵਾਲਾ ਅੱਖਰ



Yeh mistake takreeban bahut se students karte hai type karte waqt jin jin words ਪੈਰ mai (ਹ) use hota hai wahan place nahi karte aur baad mai  pata lagta hai jab word galat ho jata hai.

Isliye paper mai type karte huye hamesha iss baat ka dhyan rakhe (ਹ) ki awaaz jahan aa rahi hai wahan place kare, taki apki mistake naa ho

Choti choti mistake se bahut baar students merit mai piche reh jate hai.

4. Adhak words ( ਜੱਜ)




Punjab mai yeh bahut hi badi confusion hai ki hum jahan adhak lagani hoti hai wahan nahi lagate, aur isi chakar mai word galat ho jata hai.

Jab words mai Adhak lagana ho toh uss word ko apne mind mai bolkar dekhke, ki yahan par adhak toh nahi lagna.

Adhak word mostly word ( sound) ko force dene ke liye lagta hai. Jaise ਤਿੱਖਾ, ਕੱਲ.... agar aap isme adhan nahi lagate toh yeh kuch aise lagange... ਤਿਖਾ, ਕਲ jo bilkul galat hai.


Agar adhak lagna hai toh aap right place par adhak laga de, Agar aap Adhak nahi lagate toh uski 1 mistake hai.

Isiliye hamesha soch samaj kar hi type kare.

5.  ਪੈਰ ਵਿਚ Bindi Words



ਇਹ  ਬਿੰਦੀ ਵਾਲੇ ਅੱਖਰ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਸਿੱਖ ਇਤਿਹਾਸ ਦੇ ਮਹਾਨ ਲੇਖਾਕਾਰ (ਭਾਈ ਕਾਹਨ ਸਿੰਘ ਨਾਭਾ ਜੀ) ਵਲੋਂ ਅੱਖਰ ਦੀ ਆਵਾਜ਼ ਨੂੰ ਥੋੜ੍ਹਾ ਦਬਾਅ ਦੇਣ ਲਈ ਲਗਾਏ ਗਏ ਸਨ। 

Bahut se students inn words mai confuse ho jate hai ki pair mai bindi lagaya yaa naa lagaye.

Agar apko aise words ki confusion hai toh aap befikar ho jaye, aap pair mai bindi naa bhi paye toh apke word galat nahi hoga.

Aise words mai shorthand type mai koi mistake nahi hoti, kyunki inki sense change nahi hoti kabhi bhi.


6. ਕੰਨਾ ਬਿੰਦੀ Words



Yeh words aap bahut carefully paye typing karte waqt, aise words jab aa jaye toh yeh samjle ( ਇਕ ਵਚਨ ਤੋਂ ਬਹੁ ਵਚਨ) bnane ke liye hota hai. 

Jab aap ise bar bar bolkar dekhenge toh apko end mai ( ਅ, ਨ) ki sound clear mehsoos hogi. jaise ਛਿੱਕਾਂ, ਮਾਂ, ਸੰਸਥਾਵਾਂ... 
Agar apko type karte waqt kisi word mai doubt lagta hai toh uss word ke bolkar dekhle, bar bar bole take apki confusion door ho jaye, yaa phir aap apni shorthand copy ki backside par punjabi mai leekh kar bhi dekh sakte hai.

Aisa karne se apka doubt clear ho jayega aur phir aap bilkul correct words type karoge.

7.   Sihari Words ( ਨਿਰਭਰ)




Sihari word ki student ko bahut problem aati hai ki hum yahan par sihari paye yaa phir bihari paye, isi chakar mai mistakes ho jati hai.

Sihari word mai kabhi bhi ( ਈ)  ki awaaz nahi aati yeh baat mind mai fit kar le.

Iska simple sa funda yeh hai agar words ki awaaz simple hai jaise    ( ਨਿਰਭਰ, ਸੁਰੱਖਿਆ) toh apko bas sihari daal deni hai.

Agar aap ਸੁਰੱਖਿਆ word ko ਸੁਰਖੀਆ put kardoge toh yeh galat ho jayega, means ki apne word ko lamba kheech diya aap bol kar bhi dekh sakte hai ਸੁਰਖੀਆ....

Means ki baat protection ਸੁਰੱਖਿਆ ki ho rahi thi, apne ਸੁਰਖੀਆ daal diya toh apka word galat hoga, aur galat word ki 1 mistake count hoti hai.

Isiliye word ko paane se pehle bolkar zarur dekhe apko samaj aa jayega ki yahan kya lagna chahiye.



8. Bihari Words ( ਪੰਜਾਬੀ)




Bihari words mai simple tareeka hai jahan word ke peeche ( ਈ) ki awaaz aa jaye wahan aap bihari lagaye  jaise..  ਪੰਜਾਬੀ, ਗੁਰਮੁਖੀ, ਕਲਿਆਣਕਾਰੀ, ਮਿਹਨਤੀ....

Agar aap bihari ki jagha sihari use karoge toh upar word dekhle iski kuch aur sense ban jayegi.

Jo word maine apko upar bataye hai usme aap dekhke ki piche (ਈ) ki awaaz aa rahi hai, bas word type karne se pehle iska dhyan rakhe.

Apko agar confusion hoti hai toh aap leekh kar bhi dekh sakte hai, phir apki problem door ho jayegi. 


9.  ਵਿਚ ਅਤੇ ਚ




Yeh ek bahut badi confusion hai ਵਿਚ ਅਤੇ ਚ mai, jab paper mai apko dictator bolta hai ਚ toh apko  ਚ  word hi pana hai, iss baat ka apko khaas dhyan rakhna hai ki apko test time kya bola geya hai. Agar aap  ਚ ki jagah ਵਿਚ  paoge toh apki mistake hai.

Iske baad turn aati hai ਵਿਚ word ki, agar dictation time apko ਵਿਚ bola geya hai toh aap ਵਿਚ hi type kare.. iski jagah par aapne ਚ paa diya toh apke word galat ho jayega.

Aap dictation time poori concentration se sune ki dictator kya bol raha hai, kyunki koi bhi dictator baad mai apni galti nahi manta, iss baat ka dhyan rakhe.


Mai aisa isliye keh raha hoon kyunki iski wajah se mai paper mai 2 times fail ho chuka hoon.

Jab dictator apko dictation bolde toh baad mai aap unse pooch bhi sakte hai apne  'ਚ' word ka use kiya hai yaa 'ਵਿਚ' word ka. Agar apne yeh nahi poocha toh apki bahut mistakes hone wali hai.


10. ਟਿੱਪੀ



Tippi ka use punjabi mai (ਨ) ki sound dene ke liye use hota hai, jaise maine upar picture mai word diye hai ਚਿੰਤਾ - agar aap isme tippi ka use nahi karoge toh yeh ਚਿਤਾ ban jayega means ke beech mai se  (ਨ) ki sound gayab ho gayi. 

Some examples

1. ਚਿੰਤਾ- ਚਿਤਾ  ← Wrong word
2. ਅਨੰਤ- ਅਨਤ  ← Wrong word

Aur isi wajah se apka word galat ho jayega punjabi typing mai. Hamesha yeh dhyaan rakhe ki jis word mai (ਨ) ki sound aa rahi hai wahan par tippi zarur use kare.

Agar aap tippi ka use nahi karte toh word ki sense change ho jayegi, Type karne se pehle word ko bolkar dekhle ki hum sahi type kar rahe hai.

11. ਉ Words (U)



ਉ jab word aa jaye toh apko word ko dekhkar vowel put karna hai. 

Jab apko word aa jaye ( ਉਸਦਾ) toh apko bas ek vowel hi lagana hai word ke niche.

Agar aap ਉਸਦਾ ka ਊਸਦਾ type kardoge toh apka word galat ho jayega, kyunki apne sound ko zor dekhar put kiya hai.

Some examples

1. ਜੁਲਾਈ- ਜੂਲਾਈ  ← Wrong word
2. ਜੁੜਨਾ- ਜੂੜਨਾ    ← Wrong word
3. ਉਨ੍ਹਾਂ- ਊਨ੍ਹਾਂ        ← Wrong word

                            
Word type karne se pehla word ko mind mai bolkar dekhle sound check karle ki kahan awaaz aa rahi hai.



12. ↳ਊ Words (O O)



↳ਊ jab word aa jaye toh apko word ko dekhkar type kare.

Jab apko word aa jaye ( ਤੂਫਾਨ) toh apko bas 2 vowels lagane hai word ke niche.

Agar aap ਤੂਫਾਨ ka ਤੁਫਾਨ type kardoge toh apka word galat ho jayega.

Some examples

1. ਸੂਰਜ- ਸੁਰਜ  ← Wrong word
2. ਜੂਨ- ਜੁਨ       ← Wrong word
3. ਅਕਤੂਬਰ- ਅਕਤੁਬਰ   ← Wrong word

                 
Word type karne se pehla word ko mind mai bolkar dekhle sound check karle ki kahan awaaz aa rahi hai.



13. ↱ਸਟੇਟ ( ਲਾਂਵਾ)



Laavan word jab apko typing karte waqt aa jaye, toh apko ek           (ਲਾਂਵ) paani hai,  
(ਲਾਂਵ) apko ( ਏ) ki sound produce karegi. Apko maine niche kuch word diye hai jisse aap andaza laga sakte hai ki (ਏ) ki awaaz kahan lagegi.

jaise koi word aa jaye ਸਟੇਟ, ਕਲੇਮ, ਜੇਲ੍ਹ.... agar aap aap inn words ko ਸਟੈਟ, ਕਲੈਮ, ਜੈਲ੍ਹ type kardoge toh woh apki 1 mistake count hogi. 

Kyunki aisa karne se word ki sense bilkul change ho gayi....


14. ↱ਬੈਠਕ ( ਦੁਲਾਂਵਾ)

 Dulaawan word jab apko typing karte waqt a jaye, toh apko do       ( ਦੁਲਾਂਵਾਂ) paani hai,  (ਦੁਲਾਂਵਾਂ) apko ( ਐ) ki sound produce karegi. Apko maine niche kuch word diye hai jisse aap andaza laga sakte hai ki ( ਐ)  ki awaaz kahan lagegi.

jaise koi word aa jaye ਬੈਠਕ, ਐਨਕ, ਮੈਂਬਰ,ਮੈਂ .... agar aap aap inn words ko ਬੇਠਕ, ਏਨਕ, ਮੇਂਬਰ, ਮੇ type kardoge toh woh apki 1 mistake count hogi. 

Kyunki apne ( ਐ) ki jagah ( ਏ) ka vowel place kar diya. Aisa karne se word ki sense bilkul change ho gayi....

15. ↱ਹੋੜਾ ( ਕਾਰਪੋਰੇਸ਼ਨ)- O




ਹੋੜਾ word (O) ki sound produce karta hai, iska paane ka simple sa tareeka hai apko word aa jaye jaise  ਕਾਰਪੋਰੇਸ਼ਨ- isme (O) ki sound clear aa rahi hai. 

Aap niche dekh sakte hai jis words mai ਹੋੜਾ use huya hai (O) ki sound produce huyi hai.

ਕਮਾਂਡੋ← (O)   
ਖੇਡੋ← (O)
ਮਿਲੋ← (O)
ਦੇਖੋ  (O)

Aise words mai students bahut confuse hote hai isliye pehle word ko bolo phir type karo.


16.  ਘਨੌੜਾ ( ਨੌਂ ਬਰ ਨੌਂ )- O



ਘਨੌੜਾ word (AU) ki sound produce karta hai, iska paane ka simple sa tareeka hai apko word aa jaye jaise  ਔਰਤ- isme (AU) ki sound clear aa rahi hai. 

Aap niche dekh sakte hai jis words mai ਘਨੌੜਾ  use huya hai AU ki sound produce huyi hai.

Right Words

ਔਰਤ← (AU)   
ਕੌਮਾਂਤਰੀ← (AU)
ਔਜਲਾ← (AU)
ਕੌਮੀ←(AU)


Aise words mai students bahut confuse hote hai isliye pehle word ko bolo phir type karo.




Maine apni taraf se apko details mai samjane ki koshish ki hai ki aap punjabi typing karte waqt inn baaton ka dhyan rakhe. Jisse apki shorthand paper mai mistake naa ho.

6 comments:

  1. Sir,ਖ਼,ਗ਼,ਫ਼ Ka koi ton frk Hoga o b share kr dinde?

    ReplyDelete
  2. article nu changi tarah read karo.. daseya hoya koi farak nahi hai, te isdi test vich koi mistake nahi hundi.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Sir,o tan theek aa menu v pta ke koi gulty nhi mni jnde per sir,koi tan arth hunda hunda ana Ch frk da ohe clear krna c bus?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. tuhade question da answer upar das dita geya hai... jina v menu is baare mileya..

      Delete
  4. Sir sssb ka papar machine pe hoga ya computer ravi pe. Sir boht confusion a

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. tahanu confuse hon di koi lod nahi hai, psssb steno paper pichle 10 saal toh machine te lenda hi aa reha hai means assess font te, je psssb ne raavi font te lena hoya ta oh advertisement vich mention karega ki asi test raavi te lena... islayi tusi befikar raho machine te practice karde raho....

      Delete

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